Lovci a sběrači (základní hra / nová edice)

From Wikicarpedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page is a translated version of the page Hunters and Gatherers v2 Base Game and the translation is 16% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:



Oblast kolem dnešního města Carcassonne s jeho mohutným hradem byla osídlena již před tisícovkami let. Tehdejší obyvatelé lovili zvěř, chytali ryby a sbírali lesní plody, aby si zajistili každodenní obživu. Jejich přítomnost dodnes dokazují nádherné jeskynní malby i četné archeologické nálezy.

Úvod

The second edition of Hunters and Gatherers was released by Hans im Glück in 2020. It is a clever tile placement game for 2-5 players, ages 8 and up.

What follows is based on the English version ZMG rules from 2020, with any obvious errors corrected, and any variations from the original Hans im Glück version included as footnotes.

Herní materiál

  • 79 land tiles (including one starting tile) with forests (including some forests with menhirs (*)), rivers, and lakes with fish, surrounded by grassland with animals.
Examples of Land Tiles

(*) A menhir is a massive stone block erected by prehistoric humans,
derived from "men" meaning "stone" and "hir" meaning "long". [1]

Animals that can be found on the tiles
startovní kartička
rubová strana startovní kartičky
rubová strana běžných kartiček
  • 16 menhirových kartiček
rubová strana
  • 1 počítadlo bodů
Hunters And Gatherers2 Scoretrack.jpg
  • 5 destiček 50/100
Slouží jako pomůcka při zaznamenávání dosažených bodů.

Hunters And Gatherers2 Ex07 ScoreTiles.png

  • 30 příslušníků kmene v 5 barvách

HG2 TribeMembers.png

  • 15 chýší v 5 barvách

HG2 Huts.png

  • 24 zakrývacích destiček
Slouží k zakrytí vyhodnocené zvěře, využijete je zejména na konci hry při závěrečném vyhodnocení. Do té doby je můžete nechat stranou.
Hunters And Gatherers2 Token.jpg

Cíl hry

V průběhu hry budete vykládat kartičky krajiny a přikládat je k postupně se rozšiřujícímu hernímu plánu. Budou vznikat lesy, řeky propojené jezery a rozsáhlé pastviny, po nichž se bude potulovat zvěř. Svoje figurky budete umísťovat na herní plán jako lovce, sběrače a rybáře. Tím budete v průběhu hry a také na jejím konci získávat body. Kdo jich nasbírá nejvíce, zvítězí!

Příprava hry

Startovní kartičku položte doprostřed stolu lícem nahoru. Běžné kartičky oddělte od menhirových, obě skupiny zvlášť zamíchejte lícem dolů, vytvořte z každé skupiny několik hromádek a připravte na stůl tak, aby na ně všichni dobře dosáhli.

Počítadlo bodů umístěte na okraj hrací plochy tak, aby bylo po ruce.

Posledním krokem je příprava figurek. Ve hře jich je celkem 30, po 6 v barvách žlutá, červená, zelená, modrá, a fialová. Kromě toho je ve hře také 15 chýší, po 3 v každé uvedené barvě.

Nejdříve si každý hráč vezme 5 figurek a 3 chýše ve zvolené barvě, které budou tvořit jeho zásobu.

Šestou figurku své barvy postavte na políčko 0 počítadla bodů.
Hraje-li vás méně než 5, zbylé figurky a chýše nechte v krabici.

Průběh hry

The youngest player takes the first turn, and play continues clockwise until the land tiles run out.

The current player performs the following actions in order, before continuing to the next player’s turn:

1. Placing a land tile

Hunters And Gatherers2 Example Tile.png

Draw 1 land tile and place it so that it continues the landscape.

2. Placing a Meeple or a Hut

Hunters And Gatherers2 Figure Meeple.pngHunters And Gatherers2 Figure Hut.png

You may place 1 meeple or 1 hut on the tile you just placed.

3. Scoring a feature

You must score any features completed by the tile you placed this turn. Hunters And Gatherers2 Example Scoreboard.png

Řeky a jezera  

1. Place a Land Tile

If you draw a tile with a river, you must place it such that it continues the existing landscape (including rivers, grasslands, and forests).

link={{{link}}}
You place the red-outlined tile. The river and grasslands are continued by the new tile.
2a. Place a Meeple as a Fisher on a River
link={{{link}}}

After placing a tile with a river, you may place 1 of your meeples on that river as a fisher, but only if no other meeples are present on the same river.

You may place a meeple on a river with a hut.
link={{{link}}}
You place a meeple as a fisher on the tile you just placed.
This is legal because there are no other meeples on that river.
link={{{link}}}
Blue draws a tile and places it such that it continues and completes the river where you placed your meeple.

They cannot place a meeple on the river on the left side of the lake, because your meeple is already on that river.

The 2 rivers are divided by the lake, so blue places a meeple on the other river to the right of the lake.
2b. Place a Hut on a River or Lake
link={{{link}}}

Instead of placing a meeple, you may place a hut on either a river or a lake on the tile you just placed, but only if no other huts are present on the same river system.

A river system consists of all rivers connected to each other, including through lakes. While individual rivers end at lakes, rivers are connected to each other through lakes for the purpose of a river system. River systems end only at unconnected tile edges and forests.

You can place a hut on a river where a meeple is already present.

Huts can be placed only on rivers or lakes. Huts remain where they are placed until the end of the game.

link={{{link}}}
You place a tile that continues 2 separate river systems.
The left system has one of Blue’s huts on it, so you place your hut on the right river system. Blue’s fisher does not prevent placing this hut.
3. Scoring a river

A river is completed when both ends are closed by lakes or forests, or when it loops back onto itself by connecting to the other end. When a river is completed, it is scored. If one of your meeples is on a river when it scores, you will score points from it, regardless of who placed the tile that completed the river.

You score 1 point for each tile comprising the completed river, and 1 additional point for each fish present in the river and any lakes that close it. . After scoring, return the meeple(s) on the completed feature to their owner’s supply.

link={{{link}}}
Blue places a tile that completes a river.
You have a meeple on the river, so you score 5 points: 3 points for the 3 tiles forming the river, and 2 for the 2 fish in the lakes.
link={{{link}}}
You advance your meeple 5 spaces on the scoreboard.
Players track their scores using the meeples placed on the scoreboard at the start of the game. When you score points, advance your meeple that many spaces on the scoreboard. If your meeple passes the “0” space on the scoreboard, take a scoring marker and place it in front of you with the “50” side face-up. If your meeple passes the “0” space again, flip the marker to the “100” side.
link={{{link}}}
You return your fisher to your supply.
Blue’s meeple stays on the other river, because that river has not scored yet.

These 3 steps are the general rules of the game. Other features have some important differences, explained below.

Forests

1. Place a land tile
link={{{link}}}
As always, you must place a land tile so that it continues the landscape.
A forest edge on a tile can be connected only to another forest edge.
2. Place a Meeple as a Gatherer on a Forest

You may place a meeple on a forest tile you just placed as a gatherer. As with rivers, a meeple can be placed on a forest only if there are no other meeples present on that forest.

link={{{link}}}
You place a tile so that it continues the existing forest. Because there are no meeples currently on the forest, you can place a meeple on it.
3. Započítání bodů

Les je uzavřen, je-li zcela obklopen pastvinami a nejsou v něm žádné mezery, takže k němu žádnou další kartičku lesa není možné přiložit. Za každou kartičku, na níž leží daný les, získá příslušný hráč po 2 bodech. Opět je jedno, který hráč les uzavře – body získá ten, kdo les obsadil. Stejně jako u řek si hráč po vyhodnocení lesa vezme svou figurku zpět do své zásoby.

link={{{link}}}
Pokračování příkladu: V dalším z tahů červený svůj les uzavře. Získá 8 bodů za 4 kartičky, na nichž se les rozkládá, a protože je v lese alespoň 1 menhir, může provést menhirový tah.
Menhirový tah navíc
HG2 Menhirs.png

Po vyhodnocení lesa zkontrolujte, zda se v něm nacházejí nějaké menhiry. Pokud je tam alespoň jeden (vyšší počet menhirů nehraje žádnou roli), získává hráč, který les uzavřel (pozor, nemusí to být ten, kdo za uzavřený les získal body), menhirový tah navíc – vezme si 1 kartičku ze hromádky menhirových kartiček a podle všech pravidel ji přiloží k hernímu plánu. Jako obvykle na ni samozřejmě smí postavit figurku nebo chýši. Dojde-li přiložením menhirové kartičky k uzavření nějakého objektu, opět se jako obvykle vyhodnotí. Pokud však dojde k uzavření dalšího lesa s menhirem či menhiry, žádný další menhirový tah už aktivní hráč nezíská. V každém tahu tak můžete přiložit maximálně 1 menhirovou kartičku. Dojdou-li menhirové kartičky v obecné zásobě, máte smůlu, menhirový tah odpadá.

link={{{link}}}
Because you completed a forest containing a menhir, you begin an extra turn, drawing and placing a menhir tile.
You place the tile and place a gatherer on the forest.

You place the tile and place a gatherer on the forest.

The forest is now complete, and you score 6 points for the 3 tiles that comprise the forest.
The completed forest also contains a menhir, but you cannot begin an extra turn during an extra turn, so your turn ends as normal.

Menhir tiles are often more valuable than normal land tiles. Some menhir tiles have special actions associated with them; see Menhir Tiles.

Grasslands

1. Place a land tile
As always, you must place a tile so that it continues the landscape.

A grassland edge on a tile can be connected only to another grassland edge.

Grasslands are often divided by forests and rivers.
link={{{link}}}
This tile has 3 separate grasslands, divided by a river.
2. Place a Meeple as a Hunter

You may place a meeple on a grassland tile you just placed as a hunter.

Unlike fishers and gatherers, hunters are placed on grasslands lying down, not standing up.

As with fishers and gatherers, you can place a hunter on a grassland only if there are no other hunters present on that grassland.

Hunters remain on their tiles until the end of the game, and score points based on the number of animals on their grassland.

link={{{link}}}
You lay a hunter down on the grassland on the tile you just placed.
The river separates this grassland from the other grassland with Blue’s hunter.

These are the core rules you need to know to begin playing. See below for detailed clarifications on specific rules.

Summary

1. Place a land tile
  • You must draw and place a tile such that it connects to 1 or more tiles. The tile must continue each feature it is connected to.
  • In the rare event that you are unable to place the tile you drew, return that tile to the box and draw a new tile to replace it.
2. Place a Meeple or a Hut
  • A meeple or hut can be placed only on the tile you just placed.
  • A meeple or hut can be placed only on a feature without another similar piece (meeple or hut).
3. Score completed features
  • A river is completed when both ends are closed by lakes or forests, or when it loops back onto itself. A river scores 1 point for each tile, and 1 point for each fish in the river and any lakes that close it.
  • A forest is completed when it is surrounded by grassland and has no internal gaps. A forest scores 2 points for each tile.
  • Completed features are scored at the end of each turn in which 1 or more features are completed. Points are scored by the player whose meeple occupies a given feature.
  • After scoring, all meeples on completed features are returned to their owners’ supplies.
  • If you place a tile that completes a forest containing 1 or more menhirs, take an extra turn in which you draw and place a menhir tile. You cannot take multiple extra turns in a row.
  • If multiple meeples are present on a single connected feature, the player with the most meeples on the feature scores points. In the event of a tie, all players tied for the most score the full points from the completed feature. For more information on how there can be multiple meeples on the same feature, see the following page.

Multiple meeples on the same feature

link={{{link}}}
You could place your tile to extend the river with Blue’s fisher, but you would not be able to place your fisher on this tile. So, you decide to place your tile like so, and place your fisher on the empty river.
link={{{link}}}
During a future turn, you draw this tile, and place it such that it connects the 2 rivers into a single larger river. Now there are 2 fishers on the same river. Because this river is now complete, it is scored. The river scores for 9 points (4 tiles and 5 fish), and you and Blue both score the full 9 points.
link={{{link}}}
Hoping to claim this forest from Blue, you place your tile like so, and place a gatherer on the forest. The other gatherers on tiles nearby do not affect this placement, because they are all on separate forests.
link={{{link}}}
During a future turn, you draw this tile and place it to connect the 3 previously separate forests into a single larger forest. Because you have the most meeples on this forest, you score 10 points for the completed forest, and Blue does not score any points. All 3 meeples are returned to their owners’ supplies, and you take an extra turn because you completed a forest with a menhir.

End of the Game, Final Scoring, and Determining the Winner

When the last land tile (not menhir tile) is placed, the game ends at the end of that turn. When the game ends, resolve the following steps:

  • Leave all huts and hunters on tiles.
  • Remove all other meeples from tiles. No points are scored for incomplete forests and rivers.

Final Scoring

Scoring Huts on River Systems

The player with the most huts on each river system scores 1 point for each fish shown in that river system. If multiple players are tied for the most huts, each tied player scores the full points for that river system. River systems do not need to be complete to be scored.

Hut Scoring example

Hunters And Gatherers2 Ex19 HutScore.png

You have 2 huts on the left river system, and Blue has 1. You have the most huts, so you score the 8 points for the 8 fish in that river system.

Yellow and Blue both have 1 hut on the right river system. They each score 10 points for the 10 fish in that river system.

Scoring Hunters and Grasslands

Each hunter scores points based on the animals on its grassland.

Hunters And Gatherers2 Ex20 AnimalScore.png

The point value for each animal is shown on the scoreboard. A mammoth is worth 3 points, an aurochs 2 points, and a deer 1 point.

Saber-toothed tigers compete with hunters for prey. They hunt only deer, not mammoths or aurochs. For each saber-toothed tiger on a grassland, ignore 1 deer on that grassland.

To assist with scoring grasslands, use the covering markers to cover up pairs of tigers and deer. Then, score points for the remaining mammoths, aurochs, and deer. You do not lose points if there are more tigers than deer on a grassland.

If multiple players are tied for the most hunters on a grassland, each tied player scores the full points from that grassland. However, if one player has the most hunters, only they score from that grassland.

Grassland Scoring example

Hunters And Gatherers2 Ex21 GrasslandScore.jpg

Grassland 1: 1 aurochs. Green scores 2 points

Grassland 2: 1 deer, 1 mammoth, 1 saber-toothed tiger. Red and Violet each score 3 points for the mammoth. The tiger and deer cancel each other out.

Grassland 3: 1 deer, 2 saber-toothed tigers. Blue does not score points, but does not lose points either.

Grassland 4: 2 mammoths, 2 aurochs, 2 deer, 1 saber-toothed tiger. Red has the most hunters, and scores 11 points (2 mammoths for 6 points, 2 aurochs for 4 points, and 1 deer for 1 point).

The player with the most points wins the game!

In the event of a tie, the tied players share the victory.

Menhir Tiles

Menhirs are found in forests, and when a forest with a menhir is completed, you take an extra turn in which you draw and place a menhir tile.

After placing a menhir tile, you can place a meeple or hut on it as normal.

Menhir tiles with more scoring opportunities

These tiles have more animals on their grasslands and more fish in their lakes and rivers. Otherwise, they function the same as normal land tiles.
Hunters And Gatherers2 Tile Bonus.png

Each group of mushrooms is worth 3 points when scoring a forest.
Hunters And Gatherers2 Tile Mushrooms.png

Menhir tiles with immediate actions

When you place a tile with an immediate action, you must immediately resolve the corresponding action.

You can place a meeple or hut on the tile, but are not required to do so to resolve the action.

link={{{link}}}
When you place the logboat, you immediately score 2 points per lake in this tile’s river system, including this tile.

This tile is not affected by huts present on the river system.

Logboat Scoring example
link={{{link}}}
You place the logboat and score 8 points for the 4 [2] lakes in the river system.
Then you place a fisher, and score 5 points from the completed river. [3]
link={{{link}}}
When you place the hunting trap, you must immediately resolve a minor grassland scoring.

You score points for the animals shown on the 8 surrounding tiles (orthogonally and diagonally adjacent to this tile) in the same grassland as the hunting trap.

All animals score points as they would during final scoring, including saber-toothed tigers cancelling out deer. Cover all animals scored this way with covering markers. These animals are ignored during final scoring.
Hunting Trap example
link={{{link}}}
You place the hunting trap and score.

First, cover the tiger and 1 deer (1). You score 4 points (3 for the mammoth and 1 for the remaining deer).

The mammoth on the far right does not score, because it is on a separate grassland.

Cover all scored animals (2).
link={{{link}}}
When you place the shaman, you may [4] immediately return 1 of your meeples to your supply without scoring points.

It does not matter which tile this meeple is returned from.

Menhir tiles that affect final scoring

These tiles modify the value of the river system or grassland they are connected to.

link={{{link}}}
The pit trap modifies the scoring of the connected grassland.

Each animal (mammoth, aurochs, deer) on the 8 surrounding tiles (orthogonally and diagonally adjacent to this tile) in this grassland scores double points.

Tiger still cancel our deer as normal, although the scoring player can choose to cover deer further away from the trap.
Pit Trap example
link={{{link}}}
You score the grassland with the pit trap.

First, the tiger eats the deer, then you score 20 points (12 for the 2 mammoths and 8 for the 2 aurochs).

The deer on the right does not score with this grassland, because it is on a separate grassland.
link={{{link}}}
The wildfire chases away all tigers on the connected grassland.
When resolving final scoring, cover all tigers on that grassland, but do not cover any deer.
link={{{link}}}
The raft makes its river system more valuable.
In addition to scoring 1 point for each fish in this river system, the scoring player also scores 1 point for each lake in the system.

Credits

Game Design: Klaus-Jürgen Wrede, Bernd Brunnhofer

Layout: Christof Tisch

English Rules Translation: Adam Marostica

Tile Distribution

Total Regular Tiles: 79

link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1× (Start Tile)

Total Bonus Tiles: 12

link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×
link={{{link}}} 1×

Total Points Tiles: 5

link={{{link}}}
Front
 
link={{{link}}}
Back

Poznámky pod čarou

Vysvětlení ikonek najdete na této stránce.

  1. Rozdílná pravidla mezi jednotlivými edicemi nebo vydavatelstvími The Hans im Glück rules, when translated, simply state "A menhir is a towering prehistoric stone block ..." but does not mention the origin of the name, which is from the Breton language.
  2. Rozdílná pravidla mezi jednotlivými edicemi nebo vydavatelstvími The Z-Man Games rules said "8 points" and "3" lakes - the Hans im Glück version correctly stated "4" lakes.
  3. Výklad pravidel komunitou Or you could score 7 points by placing your fisher on the river occupied by Blue's Hut! There's an extra fish on the river, hidden by the hut. Both HiG and ZMG versions don't consider this.
  4. Rozdílná pravidla mezi jednotlivými edicemi nebo vydavatelstvími An early version of the ZMG rules stated that you "must" remove 1 of your meeples from play, rather than "may".